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Temporal lobes


Amnesia; Epilepsy (TLE), Huntington's Disease S, Autism S;

* Medial (MTL, esp. Hippocampus): Impaired autobiographical recollection (only from the recent past) S, Alzheimer's Disease S, Autism S;

* Entorhinal: Schizophrenia S

* Superior: PTSD, Dissociative disorders S, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder S

Lobus temporalis, Temporal lobes


Hearing, speech S, processing of visual information, memory, learning, Theory of Mind ToM S

* Left hemisphere: Speech functions like comprehension, naming, verbal memory u.a.

Ventral stream: Processing of complex visual stimuli like faces (Fusiform gyrus S) and scenes (Parahippocampal gyrus)

* Anteroventral: Object recognition

* Medial (MTL): declarative/ episodic/ explicit memory/ learning (Hippocampi) - Information transfer from the working memory to the long-term memory, control of spatial memory; configural learning (perirhinal, entorhinal) S, recognition memory (perirhinal: assessment of familiarity; Hippoc.: episodic detail) S

* Inferior: Working memory - temporal storage, comparison with the subsequent perceptions; Addiction (Dopamine) S

The following parts of the Limbic System are located in the Medial TL: Hippocampus, Dentate gyrus, Parahippocampal gyrus and Amygdala.

Source: Rita Carter, "Mapping the Mind"

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