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Limbic System: Amygdala

Limbic System Functions

Emotion, danger, disgust S, fear S (conditioning) S; Operant conditioning S (closely connected to the pOFC S)

Processing of emotional and social information S, Emotion recognition in others, emotional assessment of (amongst others negative S) facial expressions (are they threatening or not?) S, empathy S

Modulation of memory-related processes (both enhancement and suppression of impulses) in other brain regions, such as the Hippocampus S, S; recognition of negative items S

Important part of the reward system S

Impact on the Autonomic Nervous System, homeostasis (OFC -> Amygdala, S)

Motivation S

Sources: left: Rita Carter, "Mapping the Mind". right: Thinkquest.


Depression S, S,
Borderline PD S (hyperactivity),
Epilepsy S,
Schizophrenia S, S,
Autism and Paranoid Schizophrenia (right hemisphere) S,
Autism (left hemisphere) S,
Dissociative disorders S,
Tourette Syndrome S,
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder S,
Bipolar Disorder S,
Cocaine Addiction S,
Alcohol Addiction S, S (serotonergic system),
Anxiety Disorders S

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